JUNE 16, 2007

Whoever gets elected as President of the USA in the coming elections will have to deal with both the main following issues:

1. Handling challenges that threaten the Constitution of the United States of America, such as the failure of both the Republican and the Democratic

parties to stipulate a new pattern of accountability for the Executive branch, as it concerns, for instance, (I) the full disclosure of the motives that lead to the most serious decisions, as waging war against foreign nations, or against foreign terrorist groups, or as determining the exact scope of such type of action; (II) implementing security measures in the homeland in such a way as to always prevent (a) the violation of civil rights of US citizens and (b) the violation of human rights of aliens (according to the UN Bill of Rights, since the USA is a member of the United Nations).

Justification: originally, the alleged reason for invading Iraq was the need to destroy weapons of mass destruction in the mentioned Middle-Eastern country. Forged or faked evidence was presented to the Congress of the USA, to obtain approval for sending American troops to the foresaid country. The so called “Coalition” military action resulted in an unforeseen Iraqi Civil War that has caused the fleeing of hundreds of thousands of refugees to neighboring countries, the deaths of tens of thousands of Iraqis (a river of blood) and US casualties more than three thousand military (young and brave men and women, whose families will never exactly know what they have died for). Also because of the hostilities in Iraq, many US citizens of Arab descent or adept of the Islamic religion have been arrested and harassed without solid evidence against them.

2. Negotiating with the Congress a new pattern of external accountability capable of permitting the USA to maintain and reinforce its role of leading democratic nation in the scenery of political and economic globalization.

Justification: the USA has systematically refused to sign important international agreements that have been supported by the majority of world nations as the Kyoto Agreement, and such international conventions as those pertaining to land mines and to the International Court of Justice in The Hague. The invasion of Iraq was carried out without the support of most nations that are members of the United Nations, including important American allies, such as Germany and France, and practically all the most developed Latin American countries. So acting has enormously damaged the image of the USA, as a leading democratic country and as a trustworthy partner, not to mention the fact that, according to the perception of many countries, the Iraqi invasion has greatly boosted opportunities for terrorist organizations to meddle into Middle-Eastern affairs. In other words, that war is being perceived as a total disaster for the United States and for the world. Europeans are said to have mentioned that “the USA is an island, isolated from most of the countries in the planet, as far as usual diplomatic and international consultation or cooperation procedures are concerned”.    

See link: http://americanista.typepad.com/us_politics/2007/06/commentary_one_.html

Antonio Bueno (El Americanista)

Brazilian Economist

© Antonio José Telles Bueno. All rights reserved. Full quoting always permitted if the name of the author is mentioned.

Bibliographical reference: “Global Governance and Democratic Accountability”, Robert O. Keohane, in “Contemporary Political Philosophy – An Anthology”. Second Edition (2006). Blackwell Publishing Ltd




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